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Risk Factors Associated with Tuberculosis Infection

by Uneeb Khan
tuberculosis information

Irrespective of their social and economic background, any person can be affected by a Tuberculosis infection. It is a contagious and infectious disease and can be easily transferred from one person to another through air droplets. An infected person coughing next to you is perfectly capable of transferring the infection elements to you. The disease can sometimes be completely symptoms free, and that makes it more critical and riskier. It is important to be aware of important Tuberculosis Information to avoid any information risks. 

Different variants of the disease

Sometimes the concept of Tuberculosis is shortly limited to a disease that affects the lungs. However, the exact definition of the same lies beyond the same. There are different variants and types to which the disease is known to affect. Let’s look at some of them and the risk factors they carry with them.

Tuberculosis Meningitis:

Mainly affecting the brain and spinal cord, Tuberculosis Meningitis is one of the most infectious variants of the disease. It can be asymptomatic at the beginning but later on pop up with several symptoms. Some of them are restless and irritable. This can be followed by several others, like vomiting and headaches and a stiff neck. 

This can be quite hard and affect the person’s mental behaviour. Coma and minor seizures are some other symptoms of Tuberculosis Meningitis. There are several firms making people aware of the Health Education of Tuberculosis. This helps people to differentiate the general viral from this specific disease. 

Gastrointestinal Tuberculosis:

This is the form of the disease which affects the gastrointestinal tract and starts at the mouth. The track starts with the mouth and is followed by the oesophagus and the large and small intestines. The track ends with the anus, and Gastrointestinal Tuberculosis affects this tract. The patients are known to suffer from symptoms like vomiting, weight loss, fever and change in bowel habits and nausea.

Tuberculosis Lymphadenitis:

It is the type affecting the lymph nodes. The latest Tuberculosis Information has updated the symptoms to be causing a mass of loads around the neck. The mass might burst and can be very dangerous for individuals. This is a form of draining sinus that should be immediately cured. 

Cutaneous Tuberculosis:

It is the type of TB that affects the mucous membrane or the skin directly. Cutaneous Tuberculosis is caused due to an external source of mycobacteria, and the disease also has several types. These include the military tuberculosis, the Lupus vulgaris and tuberculosis verrucosa cutis. Several Health Education of Tuberculosis has been making people aware of the different variants of TB that have different intensities of effect.

Genitourinary Tuberculosis:

This is a variant of TB that is initiated in the pulmonary tract. The elements of the disease travel through blood all the way to the genitourinary tract and hence end up infecting the reproductive tract also. This kind of infection tends to show major symptoms like blood in urine and uncomfortable urination, along with severe pain in the upper abdomen of the body. 

Though there have been several programs and initiatives taken by the government to make people aware of the disease, there are many other steps that need to be taken; since the disease is transmitted through air, there are high chances of contamination at any given point in time. Let’s have a look at the symptoms, tests and treatment of Tuberculosis. 

Clinical Symptoms

Some of the major symptoms of the disease can be coughing phlegm for as long as 2 to 3 weeks. This is followed by a few other clinical symptoms that include cough with blood or shortness of breath. At times the patient is also known to suffer from a fever straight for a month. This is similar to symptoms of several other lung diseases like asthma, lung cancer and bronchitis. You can always refer to your nearest clinics and find out the latest Tuberculosis Information. 

Tests and Treatment of the Disease

Tuberculin is known to be one of the most effective tests for individuals affected with TB. The Monteux test is done to verify the presence of mycobacterium tuberculosis in people. The injection is generally injected in the upper arm, and it shows its effect after a period of 48 to 72 hours. The treatment is easier when the disease is detected at an early stage. The overall immunity of the body can be improved by regular exercise and a healthy diet, but proper medication dosage is also required for the same. 

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