Home Health & Fitness How to Check and Monitor Your Blood Pressure at Home

How to Check and Monitor Your Blood Pressure at Home

by Uneeb Khan
Blood pressure Norms

Blood pressure is a silent killer that can have dangerous effects on your heart and body. Blood pressure should be monitored daily if you have the problem of high blood pressure but it is impossible to detect your blood pressure without a blood pressure monitor. High blood pressure is the major cause of kidney diseases, stroke, and heart attacks, so it is necessary to monitor your blood pressure every day.

Many people track their blood pressure while sitting at home to manage their health conditions and  Blood Pressure Norms. It is important to keep a record of your blood pressure readings if you monitor it at home as it becomes easy to share it with your healthcare provider. Let’s learn how to check and monitor your blood pressure at home.

What Do the Blood Pressure Readings Mean

The table below shows the meaning of the blood pressure readings.

CategoryUpper numbersAnd/OrLower Readings
NormalLess than 120AndLess than 80
Elevated120-129AndLess than 80
Hypertension (High Blood Pressure) Stage 1130-139Or80-89
Hypertension (High Blood Pressure) Stage 2140 or higherOr90 or higher
Hypertensive Crisis(Visit your doctor in such crises)Higher than 180And/orHigher than 120

Home Blood Pressure Monitor: How to Use

You can monitor your blood pressure both digitally and manually. Follow the instructions to learn how to monitor your blood pressure with your left arm.

Note: Try to avoid tracking your blood pressure with your right arm until and unless your doctor tells you to do this.

Find your Pulse

You can find your pulse if you press your middle and index fingers to the area where the brachial artery is (inside the center of the curve of your elbow). If you find difficulty locating your pulse, place the arm cuff or the head of the stethoscope in the same area.

Fix the cuff on your arm

Fix the cuff on your arm and ensure that the head of the stethoscope is over the artery if you use a manual monitor. The marked arrow can also find the location of the stethoscope head on the cuff. Maintain a distance of 1 inch from the curve of your elbow. Place the ear pieces of the stethoscope in your ears so you can hear the sound.

Inflate and deflate the cuff in a proper manner

On a manual monitor

  1. Hold the bulb in your right hand and the pressure gauge in your left hand and close the airflow valve on the bulb. This can be done by turning the screw in a clockwise manner.
  2. Squeeze the bulb to inflate the cuff with your right hand, and your beat in the stethoscope can be heard. Do not stop inflating the cuff until it reaches 30mmHg points above your expected systolic blood pressure.
  3. Slowly release the pressure by opening the airflow valve and keep your eyes on the gauge.

Note: You must practice how to turn the valve slowly.

  1. Listen carefully to the first pulse beat and note the gauge’s entire reading. Continue slowly deflating the cuff.
  2. Keep on listening until the sound disappears. The readings are referred to as your diastolic pressure when you no longer hear your beat.
  3. Let the cuff entirely deflate, and the most accurate reading will appear when your arm holds straight.

Note: Never inflate the cuff frequently after checking your blood pressure if you cannot hear the pulse or release the airflow too quickly.

On a digital monitor 

  1. In your right hand, hold the bulb and press the power button.
  2. Press the start button if your monitor contains the automatic cuff inflation; otherwise, inflate the cuff with your right hand.
  3. Repeat the same process as inflating the cuff above 30mmHg.
  4. Watch the monitor quietly, and the readings will be displayed on the screen.
  5. Your measurement is complete when you hear the long beep. The diastolic pressure appears on the right, and systolic blood pressure appears on the left.

Note: Systolic blood pressure is the force of blood against your artery’s walls when your heart beats and take look Diet chart for heart patients. Diastolic pressure is known as the blood pressure between your heartbeats.

  1. Allow the cuff to deflate completely.

Keep a recording of your Blood pressure

Keep recordings of the entire blood pressure readings or follow the instructions of your health care provider on how often it is necessary to monitor your blood pressure. The best way is to record the blood pressure with the date and time.

What Steps to Consider Before Monitoring your Blood Pressure

You can monitor your blood pressure at home easily, but there are a few steps that you should consider before checking your blood pressure.

Find a quiet place: look for a calm place before monitoring your blood pressure.

Correct size cuff: purchase the correct size cuffs but if you are not sure what is the right size of cuff for you, take a recommendation from the health care provider.

Note: do not purchase finger or wrist monitors, as they cannot give accurate results.

Roll up your Sleeves: roll up the sleeves of your left arm and do not wear tight clothing.

Rest for 5 to 10 minutes: Rest for 5 to 10 minutes by sitting on a table.

Sit straight: try to sit straight and put your back against the chair and make your legs cross on the ground.

Forearm rest: give rest to your forearm on the table in a position where your palm is facing up.

Avoid any activity: do not perform any activity while checking your blood pressure, such as do not watch television or read the newspaper when you monitor your blood pressure.

Which Factors Affect Blood Pressure?

Certain factors affect blood pressure and cause a temporary rise in your BP. Normally your blood pressure rises due to the following factors

  • Smoking
  • Stress
  • Obesity
  • Too much alcohol
  • Exercise
  • A few medications
  • Cold temperature

Conclusion

Blood pressure measurement tells you what your blood pressure is at a certain time. You do not have to visit your doctor or health care provider if you are doubting your blood pressure norms. Now it is easy to monitor your blood pressure at home. It is recommended not to rely on the finger or wrist cuffs but to try to purchase the arm cuffs. Follow the right procedure to monitor your blood pressure and try to avoid the factors that cause high blood pressure. In short, it is necessary to monitor your blood pressure daily, record it, and visit your doctor instantly if it exceeds the average limit.

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