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Kidney Transplant: FAQs Answered

by Uneeb Khan
Kidney Transplant: FAQs Answered

What is a Kidney Transplant? 

A kidney transplant is a surgical procedure where a healthy kidney is taken from a donor and placed in another person whose kidneys are not functioning properly. A healthy kidney may come from a living donor or someone who has recently died. 

When is a Kidney Transplant needed?

End-stage renal disease is the most common reason for a kidney transplant. It is the final stage of chronic kidney disease. The presence of the following symptoms indicate kidney failure:

  • Hypertension
  • Tiredness
  • Vomiting and nausea
  • Sweating in an abnormal manner
  • Presence of excessive thirst

A kidney transplant may also be needed in the following scenarios:

  • An imbalance in metabolic function that leads to diseases such as Gout and Diabetes
  • An infection of the kidneys
  • The development of tumors, such as Wilms tumor and renal cell carcinoma
  • Failed medical or surgical treatments to restore the function of the kidneys
  • Kidney damage caused by trauma

When should you get a Kidney Transplant? 

There is no one answer to this. It depends on individual to individual – it depends on the diagnosis, assessment of the progression of kidney failure, and the doctor’s advice. In addition, many factors need to be considered while making this decision, such as the health of the individual, the kidney transplant cost, and the availability of the donor’s kidney. 

Are there any legal documents to be submitted?

Both donor and recipient must provide legal documentation. Ideally, both their doctors must be aware of their legal information.

How long can one expect the transplanted kidney to last? 

Kidney transplants are life-saving for people with kidney failure and have good outcomes. The average lifespan of a transplanted kidney is about 10 to 12 years, but some transplants may last for 20 years or more. 

How long does it take to recover from the surgery? 

The recovery time after a kidney transplant may vary depending on the individual, but typically it takes between four and six weeks. Some activities can be resumed sooner, such as light housework or walking, while other activities, such as strenuous exercise, will have to wait until the body has healed sufficiently. 

What kind of lifestyle changes are needed?

First, you will need a healthy diet and regular exercise. Eating unhealthy foods and not getting enough exercise can damage your new kidney. You should avoid smoking and drinking alcohol, which can also damage your new kidney. You will need to schedule regular checkups with your doctor to monitor your new kidney’s health. Finally, notify your doctor if you experience any problems or symptoms after surgery. 

What does rejection after a transplant mean?

Rejection is a common complication that can occur after a kidney transplant. The causes of rejection are not completely understood, but the body’s immune system could be responsible. The immune system may recognize the new kidney as a foreign object and attack it. It is estimated that approximately 15 percent of patients experience early rejection. The majority of patients will not experience kidney failure as a result of early rejection.

What is the cost of a Kidney Transplant? 

Kidney transplants are often seen as a “last resort” treatment for people with kidney failure. A kidney transplant cost, however, can be high for many people. The price of a kidney transplant in India costs between ₹ 5 Lakh to ₹ 6 Lakh in private hospitals. The cost of surgery as well as post-operative care is separate from this cost. Health insurance may cover some of the costs of a kidney transplant, but many people do not have insurance, or their insurance does not cover the full cost of the surgery. 

What would happen if your Kidney Transplant didn’t work? 

If a kidney transplant doesn’t work, the patient will likely experience many health problems. The donated kidney may not function well or may be rejected by the body. The patient’s kidneys may also gradually fail. Without dialysis or a new kidney, the patient will probably die.

Can the donor survive on one kidney?  

Donating a kidney has no adverse effect on a donor’s body. One kidney can perform all functions adequately, and the donor can live a long and healthy life. However, it is extremely important to take regular blood and urine tests and precautions to prevent kidney injury.


Kidney transplants are a common and successful surgery. However, there are many things to consider before surgery, such as the risks and benefits involved and the kidney transplant cost. Ensure you talk to your doctor about whether or not a kidney transplant is suitable for you.

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